Humankind has always tried to enhance their looks. Therefore, jewelry, clothes and other accessories have been present since time immemorial. One of the oldest ways of decorating oneself known to human kind was the tattoo.
Tattoos have been used for all kinds of purposes ever since the dawn of time. Over the years, they have served as symbols of rights, symbols of rank and seniority or being juniors, symbols of spirituality, devotion, religion, rewards and awards for bravery, amulets, talismans and security. Tattoos were also used as a symbol of punishments, being outcast, slavery and conviction. These have been one of the most frequently used body arts.
The word tattoo is derived from the Polynesian word, 'tatao', which literally means to tap or to mark someone. The word was coined by Captain James Cook in 1769. The original way of creating tattoos was definitely much more brutal than it is today. A sharp-pointed comb would be dipped into lampblack and then moved around on the body. The fad then spread from the Polynesian and Tahitians to the Europeans.
Proof of tattoos being used as long as five thousand years ago has now been uncovered. Modern archaeology has found proof of tattoos being used in Egyptian, Roman, Greek, and Japanese regions.
Greeks normally used the tattoos to indicate slavery. The Mayas, Incans and the Aztecs are known to use tattoos. Tattoos were sometimes also used as a mark or symbol of belonging to a tribal group or tribe.
Tattoos have had other uses in different regions. In Egypt tattoos can be found as early as before the Pyramids were made. The Greeks used them primarily to transmit messages between their spies. The Asian world used tattoos to denote a woman coming of age or her marriage. Japan used tattoos for religious purposes and other ceremonial purposes. Tattoos were also used to induce the sexuality in a person. The tattoos of Japan were prepared by the women of Borneo.
The women of Borneo were the first to use tattoos to denote the status and place in life of the owner of the tattoo.
The re-induction of the tattoo to the west was the handiwork of William Dapher. He was a traveler of the South Seas. He introduced a heavily tattooed Prince Giolo to the western world, known as the Painted Prince. Later on, his exhibitions gave immense popularity to tattoos. A hundred years later, the tattoo became famous in America. The Chatam Studio in New York City is considered to be the birthplace of the American style tattoo. The first tattoo machine in America was patented by Samuel O'Reilly. He had set up shop in the Chatam Studio area, then a haven for working class rich people. The first machine was based on Edison's electric pen, which punctured paper. With the death of Samuel O'Reilly, it was his apprentice, Charles Wagner took over the business. Wagner teamed with Lew Alberts.
Perhaps the most famous tattoo subject has been the Dragon. There are around three kinds of dragons, which are picked by almost every tattoo artist due to the variety these tattoos give. Furthermore, dragons are known across the world and have a universal appeal.
Dragon tattoos also look very good on the skin as compared to others. Dragon tattoos can be prepared in color as well as black and white. Today, tattoos are used by people of all walks of life. Previously, only people from the working class used to get themselves tattooed. The well heeled crowd would shy away from tattoos.
Previously tattoo parlors were less on hygiene and were one of the major reasons where people could get skin infections or even aids. Today, though, tattoos have become more or less hygienic and offer their clients sufficient safety from skin and other diseases previously attributed to tattoos.